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\3 Biodiversity 

The botany of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur, under the command of Captain 

Sir Edward Belcher, during the years 1836-42. Published under the authority 

of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty /Edited and superintended by 

Richard Brinsley Hinds, attached to the expedition. The botanical 

descriptions by George Bentham. 

London :Smith, Elder, 1844-[46] 

Item: http://www.biodiversityiibrary.0rg/item/1 5490 
Page(s): Page 159, Page 160, Plate 52 

Contributed by: Missouri Botanical Garden 
Sponsored by: Missouri Botanical Garden 

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each side. In Schomburgk's Guiana specimens, the number is usually three on 
each side, but occasionally one is deficient, which would lead to the supposition 
that P. hexaglochin, Fisch and Mey., founded on no other character, may not be 
a good species. 


755. Phytolacca octandra, Linn.— Tepic ; Manzanilla Bay. 



756. Cryptocarpus piriformis, Humb. ct Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2. p. 188. t. 124. — Com- 
mon on the skirts of the forest near Guayaquil, — Kunth states that Bonpland observed a third 
species of this genus near Guayaquil. The specimens, however, brought by collectors from that 
neighbourhood appear all to agree perfectly with the character and figure of C. piriformis, 

757. Chenopodium murale, Linn. — Guayaquil. 

758. Ambrina ambrosioidesy Moc. Chenopod. p. 39. — Guayaquil. 


759. Polygonum acre, Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. v. 2. p. 179. — Mexico to 

760. Polygonum persicarioides, Humb. et Kunth, 1. c. — Guayaquil. 

761. Coccoloba acuminata, Humb. et Kunth, 1. c. v. 2. p. 176. — Isthmus of Darien. 

762. Coccoloba leptostachya, sp. n., glabra, foliis ovalibus obovatisve obtuse et brevissime 
acuminatis basi oblique rotundatis coriaceis, racemis elongatis laxis, floribus subternis, bracteis 
minimis, bacca coronata(?) — Libertad, in Columbia. 

Hamuli lignosi, tortuosi, cortice pallido. Vagina laxee, 3-4 lin. longse, submembranacese, in sicco 
brunnese, juniores sub lente minuto tomentellae, mox glabrata?, oblique tomcats, hinc breviter fissse, illinc 
juniores breviter acuminatae et subciliatee, acnmine mox obliterato. Petioli 5-6 lin. longi. Folia 3-4 poll, 
longa, 2-2£ poll, lata, glabra at non nitida, tenuiter coriacea, venis primariis secus costam utrinque 4-6 subtus 
prominulis et rete venularum ramosissimo in pagina inferiore eleganter conspicuo. Racemus adest unicus, 
8-polIicaris, terminalis, gracilis, fere a basi fiorifer. Pedicelli vix semilineam longi bracteas duplo superant. 
Perigonium per anthesin 1 lin. longum, tubo carnoso ovarium circumdante ; limbus patens, 5-partitus, laciniis 
subrotundis tubo paullo longioribus, duabus exterioribus paullo minoribus. Stylus brevis, trifidus, lobis 
subulatis brevibus apice incrassato-stigmatosis. Stamina 7 vel 8 ; antherarura loculi discreti. Perigouii tubus 
per maturationem increscit et ovario adheeret ; lacini® ad apicem ovarii diu persistant, forte in fiuctu maturo 
a me non viso deperiunt. 

763. Campderia fioribunda, gen. nov. (Plate LIL)— Tiger Island, Gulf of Fonseca. 


Ciiah. Gen. Flores hermaphroditi (fere Coccolobao). Perigonium sub-5-partitum, tubo bre- 
vissimo, laciniis subaequalibus. Stamina 8. Styli 3. Achgenium triquetrum, carpophoro carnoso 
impositum ; perigonii fructiferi tubus immutatus, limbi lacinise auctse, siccse, achaenium includentes. 
— Frutex (vel arbor ?) habitu Coccotobce, 

C. jtoribunda. Specimina suppctentia undique glabra. Ramuli Ieviter striati, coitice cinereo. Vaginae 
2-4 lin. longa;, oblique truncate, integerrimaa, glabrae, membranaceee, in sicco brunnese. Petioli vagina 
breviores vel panllo longiores. Folia altcrna, obovali-oblonga, 3-5 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata, obtuga, infra 
medium insequaliter angustata, basi oblique obtusa et interdum emarginata vel brevissime peltata, coriacea, 
rete venularura utrinque proniinnlo. Racemi 3-5-pollicares, a basi densiflori. Bractese scariosse, obtusae, 
l-l£ lin. longee. Perigonium per antbesin 1 lin. Iongum, laciniis orbiculatis patentibus. Stamina perigonio 
breviora ; filamenta basi brevissime connata, disco staminifero cum basi perigonii adnato ; antherarum loculi 
discrcti. Styli apice capitato-stigmatosi, Achsenium immaturum tantum vidi triquetrnm, crustaceum, 
albidum, inclusum intra perigonii limbum jam duplo auctum at consistentia vix mutatum, tubo cum 
carpophoro crasso carnoso connate 

This plant, when in flower, is certainly very much like a true Coccoloba, but 
the fruit, unripe as it is in the specimens gathered, has certainly not the essential 
character of that of Coccoloba^ the adherence to a fleshy perigonium. I have, 
therefore, been under the necessity of establishing it as a new genus, which I have 
great pleasure in dedicating to the author of a monograph of Rumen, with some 
observations on other Polygonece, published at Montpellier in 1819. Of the two 
genera which have been already intended to be named after him, one proved to 
be the Vellosia of Vandelli, the other is the Kundmannia of Scopoli. 

Plate LII. fig. 1. perigon opened, showing tbe stamens; fig. 2. ovary; fig. 3. young fruit, 
enclosed in the perigon ; fig. 4. the same, with the perigon opened out ; fig. 5. section of the young 
fruit ; fig. 6. arrangement of the parts of the flower ; all magnified. 

764. Triplabis Cumingiana, Fisch. et Mey. in C. A. Mey. Bemerk. Polyg. p. 14.— The under 
surface of the leaves is less pubescent, the axils of the veins more frequently bearded, and the inner 
segments of the perigon rather longer than in Cuming's plant, but it appears to be the same 
species. — Columbia. 

765. Podopterus mexicanus, Humb. et Bonpl. PI. ^q. 2. p. 89. t. 107.— Manzanilla Bay. 

766. Antigonon kptopus, Hook, et Arn. Bot. Beech, p. 308.— Supra, p. 47.— San Bias. 


767. Ximenia americana, Linn. — Verafua, 

Santa la ce;e. 

768. Quinchamalium chilense, Lam.— Huamantanffo. 

Dravmfcom HaitK* and on Stone hy Mik Drake, 

jTnaikJL 1